Arts of Asia in Reach
1,000 Cranes Lesson Plan
1. Lesson Overview


A Lesson for Students Ages 8-12, Grades 3-5
Designed by Loren Fawcett, Education Assistant, Allen Memorial Art Museum

Theme/Subject
  • Crane biology
  • Cranes in Japanese artwork
  • 1000 cranes: symbol of peace
  • Japanese culture and history: bombing of Hiroshima and the true story of Sadako
  • Origami (paper folding)

Objectives/Concepts
  1. Students will improve motor skills through careful folding, a discipline necessary in the practice of origami.
  2. Students will develop multicultural awareness by exploring Japanese history.
  3. Students will improve their ability to follow directions through the creation of origami cranes.
  4. Students will identify a major historical event, the bombing of Hiroshima.

Academic Content Standards

National
  1. Visual Arts
  • NVA 1.4: Students use art materials and tools in a safe and responsible manner
  • NVA 2.3: Students use visual structures and functions of art to communicate ideas
  • NVA 3.2: Students select and use subject matter, symbols, and ideas to communicatemeaning
  • NVA 4.1: Students know that the visual arts have both a history and specific relationships to various cultures
  • NVA 4.2: Students identify specific works of art as belonging to particular cultures, times, and places
  • NVA 4.3: Students demonstrate how history, culture, and the visual arts can influence eachother in making and studying works of art


Ohio State Standards
  1. Visual Arts
    • 1-B.4.2: Identify art forms, visual ideas and artistic styles and describe how they are influenced by time and culture; Compare and contrast art forms from different cultures and their own cultures.
    • 1-C.4.3: Identify and describe the different purposes people have for creating works of art
    • 2-B.4.3: Initiate and use strategies to solve visual problems (e.g., construct three dimensional art objects that have structural integrity and a sense of completeness).

  2. Science
    • LS Benchmark A: Discover that there are living things, non-living things and pretend things, and describe the basic needs of living things (organisms)
    • LS Benchmark B: Explain how organisms function and interact with their physical environment.
    • LS Benchmark C: Describe similarities and differences that exist among individuals ofthesame kind of plants and animals.

  3. Social Studies
    • Identify practices and products of diverse cultures.
    • Students use knowledge of geographic locations, patterns and processes to show theinterrelationship between the physical environment and human activity, and to explain the interactions that occur in an increasingly interdependent world; Identify and use symbols to locate places of significance on maps and globes.
    • Social Studies Skills and Methods: Students collect, organize, evaluate and synthesize information from multiple sources to draw logical conclusions. Students communicate this information using appropriate social studies terminology in oral, written or multimedia form and apply what they have learned to societal issues in simulated or real-world settings.

Vocabulary

Origami
the art or process, originally Japanese, of paper folding

Crane
any large long-necked long-legged wading bird of the family Gruidae, inhabitingmarshes and plains in most parts of the world except South America, New Zealand, and Indonesia

Hiroshima
a port in SW Japan, on SW Honshu on the delta of the Ota River: largelydestroyed on August 6, 1945, by the first atomic bomb to be used in warfare, dropped by the U.S., which killed over 75000 of its inhabitants.

Sadako
protagonist of Sadako by Eleanor Coerr

Leukemia
an acute or chronic disease characterized by the overproduction of leucocytes,which crowd into the bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, etc., and suppress the blood-forming apparatus

War
open armed conflict between two or more parties, nations, or states

Peace
a state of harmony between people or groups; freedom from strife; law and order within a state; absence of violence or other disturbance

Mushroom cloud
the large mushroom-shaped cloud of dust, debris, etc. produced by a nuclear explosion

Nuclear bomb
a bomb whose force is due to uncontrolled nuclear fusion or nuclear fission

Japan
an archipelago and empire in E Asia, extending for 3200 km (2000 miles) between theSea of Japan and the Pacific and consisting of the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu and over 3000 smaller islands

Echelon
a V-formation in which cranes fly

Migration
a crane's flight from a colder to a warmer climate

Tancho
red crown



Continue to: 2. Lesson Materials