Arts of Asia in Reach
Hachimaki/Shibori Lesson Plan
3. Strategies & Procedures

Engage (Motivation)

Begin the lesson by showing students examples of different types of shibori. Explain what Arashi shibori is and how it was used in Japan during the Edo period. Discuss the history of shibori itself, and how its exact origin hasn't been determined but there are many different theories. Show students examples of Japanese woodblock prints that illustrate commoners working in the dyeing district to create enormous lengths of kimono cloth. Explain how shibori is related to indigo dyeing.


Let students look at the results of different Arashi shibori techniques. Show them how different patterns can be created by:
  • Wrapping fabric in different directions
  • Folding fabric vertically or horizontally before pole wrapping
  • Wrapping string in different directions
  • Wrapping string tightly or loosely
  • Wrapping string closely together or far apart
  • Using different thicknesses of string or different types
  • Leaving poles in dye vats for shorter or longer amounts of time
  • Not presoaking fabric versus wetting fabric before emersion
  • Doing stitch work before wrapping fabric around pole
  • Using different pole widths


To create the dye vats, teachers will need to:
  1. Prepare materials on top of drop cloth, near working sink and clothesline.
  2. Have dye vats (waste buckets) labeled with designated colors to avoid confusion—liquid dyes do not always appear as end result colors.
  3. Add dry powdered mix to one cup of hot water in large plastic mixing cup and stir for one to two minutes.
  4. Add hot water dye mix to waste bucket.
  5. Add cold water to waste bucket.
  6. Agitate for another one to two minutes.

Students will follow the following procedures to create their Arashi shibori hachimaki:
  1. Have each student gather all needed materials and decide which color dye they will use
  2. Students should work in pairs as they pole-wrap: Have students take turns; one may wrap the pole while the other holds the pole and secures the cloth.
  3. Start by taping one corner to the top of the pole so the cloth is on its diagonal.
  4. Continue to wrap the cloth snugly around the pole until the entire cloth has been wrapped. (If cloth is longer than pole, you may proceed to next step and then return to the remaining cloth after the first portion has been compressed).
  5. Once fabric is wrapped snugly and secured, begin to bind the cloth with chosen material (rope, twine, yarn, etc.) Tie a knot at top and begin wrapping twine around cloth-wrapped pole, leaving varying intervals of space. Follow the pattern you chose to create the desired effect. Tie another knot to secure the end of the twine.
  6. Once pole is completely wrapped and twine is secure, push down on fabric so that it compresses into accordion-like folds. Continue compressing until the resulting length of compressed fabric is equal to or shorter than the depth of the dye vat.
  7. At this time, students should put on art smocks and gloves, remove watches or any wrist jewelry, and tie hair back.
  9. Submerse into dye vat so that all fabric is covered.
  10. Let soak until desired shade is reached.
  11. Remove carefully from dye vat and rinse under cold water until water runs clear.
  12. Fabric can either be removed while wet and hung to dry or allowed to dry on pole and then removed. (Letting the fabric dry on the pole creates added texture)

Continue to: 4. Assessment & Closure