1936: Athena Tacha born in Larissa, Greece, single child of Constantine Tachas (neurologist) and Helen Malaki. Lived there with her parents and her adopted sister, Marianthe Karalaiou, throughout World War II and the Greek Civil War. Showed drawing and sculpting skills from age ten.
1954: Graduated from the Girls' Gymnasium (first in class), the Alliance Francaise and the Larissa Conservatory of Music (diploma in harmony). As prize-winner in French composition, made first trip abroad (Paris) and visited museums of modern art.
1954-60: Lived in Athens, studying sculpture at the National Academy of Fine Arts (topmost fellowship; MFA, 1959), and French literature at the Alliance Francaise, where she also taught (1956-60). Met three life-long friends: Maro Petychaki, her room-mate in the YWCA dorm; Irene Panayotidou, her classmate in sculpture; and Paul Mylonas, her professor of architectural drawing and history at the Academy of Fine Arts.
1960-61: To the U.S. with a Fulbright travel grant for graduate studies in art history at Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH. Completed her M.A. thesis under Professor Ellen H. Johnson, who became her mentor and closest friend.
1961-63: To Paris with a Greek government fellowship for Ph.D. studies in aesthetics and art history at the Sorbonne, University of Paris (Doctorat du 3eme Cycle, 1963, thesis on "The Role of Light in Modern Sculpture", directed by Etienne Souriau). Also Certificat de Museologie, Ecole du Louvre.
1963: Returned to the U.S. as Assistant Curator (under Chloe Hamilton Young) at the Allen Memorial Art Museum of Oberlin College, where she worked for ten years (after 1967 as Curator of Modern Art), organizing exhibitions and publishing books and articles on modern sculpture.
1965: Married Richard Spear, new professor of Baroque art history at Oberlin College. Traveled throughout the American West that summer; thereafter annual summer trips to Greece, visiting her parents and exploring the Greek ancient sites and islands.
1966: Exhibited in her first juried group show (May Show), Cleveland Museum of Art.
1967: Publication of her first art history book, Rodin Sculpture at the Cleveland Museum of Art.
1968: Awarded First Sculpture Prize at the Cleveland Museum's May Show (again in 1971 and 1989). Purchased with her husband 291 Forest St., their Oberlin house until 1998. Began assisting Ellen Johnson with restoration of her Frank Lloyd Wright house bought the same year.
1969: Became naturalized U.S. citizen. First solo museum show, Akron Art Institute, Akron, OH. Solo show Forms of Matter (E.A.T. benefit), New Gallery, Cleveland. Publication of her second book, Brancusi's Birds (NYU Press, New York). Death of her father.
1970: Organized for the Oberlin museum Art in the Mind, one of the three first exhibitions of conceptual art in the U.S.. Following a month in a Mount Pelion village (Greece) that summer, started designing step sculptures for outdoor spaces.
1970-71: Lived in Rome (one of four different years there with her husband while he was doing research), studying the city's steps and public spaces, making her first conceptual art, and working on films.
1971: Executed first full-scale (cement block) step-sculpture in Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition, Blossom Music Center, Peninsula, OH. Traveled with her husband to the Galapagos Islands and Peru, the first of their numerous trips for nature and archeology throughout the world. Inca, and later Mayan, Aztec, and other Mexico sites, made a permanent impression on her work.
1973: Taught a course on "Form in Nature" at Oberlin and organizing her last show of contemporary art. Abandoned career as art historian and museum curator in favor of teaching sculpture at Oberlin College (until 1998). Was included in exhibitions Ca. 7,500 (organized by Lucy Lippard) and Conceptual Art, Women Inter-Art Center, New York.
1974: Fellowship at the Center for Advanced Visual Studies, M.I.T., where she made Charles River Step Sculpture, a turning point in her aesthetic (ill. in Statement). It was exhibited at Cynthia Carlson, Joyce Kozloff, Athena Tacha, Ann Wilson, AIR Gallery, New York.
1975: Awarded an individual artist's NEA grant, used to build her first landscape sculpture, Streams, in Oberlin. Won her first public art commission, Tension Arches, Cleveland. Started 8-year affiliation with Zabriskie Gallery, New York. Installation at Site Sculpture: Hamrol, Healy, Tacha, CUNY Graduate Center Mall, New York.
1976: Won her first national commission, Tide Park, Smithtown, NY. Invited by Agnes Gund to Sculpture 1976 show, Greenwich, CT. Received the Ohio Arts Council Visual Arts Award.
1977-78: Lived in Rome, designing a number of major projects, including the drawing of Sawyer Point Park and the first model for 33 Rhythms (ill. in Statement).
1978: Won second national commission (GSA), Ripples, Norfolk, VA. Tape Sculptures solo installation-show at Wright State University Art Gallery, Columbus, OH.
1979: First solo show at Zabriskie Gallery, New York, including Tape Sculpture installation. Residency at Ossabaw Island, GA.
1980: Selected by Janet Kardon for inclusion in The Pluralist Decade, U.S. pavilion, 39th Venice Biennale.
1980-81: Sabbatical year in New York with a studio at PS1. Start of annual vacations with husband in summer house near Athens built for them by Paul Mylonas.
1981: Won two largest commissions: Blair Fountain, Tulsa, OK, and Connections, a city-block park for Franklin Town's development, Philadelphia (built in 1992). Second solo show, Fragmentation, at Zabriskie Gallery, New York.
1983: First Trip to India (and Nepal), which left an indelible impression on her.
1983-84: Lived with husband in Washington, DC, working on the Massacre Memorials series.
1984: Solo show, Massacre Memorials, Max Hutchinson Gallery, New York.
1985: Won two major public art commissions: Merging, Cleveland, and Green Acres, Trenton, NJ. Death of her mother.
1986: Lived a semester in London where her husband was teaching.
1989: Major retrospective (over 100 works) at the High Museum of Art, Atlanta, organized by Catherine and John Howett. Solo show, New Works, at the Cleveland Center for Contemporary Art.
1990: Received Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, the College of Wooster, Wooster, OH.
1991: Awarded Ohio Arts Council individual artist's grant.
1991-92: Executed a pair of public art commissions for the Connecticut Department of Transportation (Transit and Wave Fall).
1992: Appointed Honorary Curator of the Frank Lloyd Wright house and Estate Executrix upon the death from cancer of Ellen Johnson (subsequently edits Johnson's memoirs, Fragments Recalled at 80, and a revised edition of her Modern Art and the Object). Death of her friend Maro Petychaki, also from cancer.
1993: Extensive travel in China.
1994: Solo show, Vulnerability: New Fashions, Franklin Furnace, New York.
1995: Published Frank Lloyd Wright at Oberlin: The Story of the Weltzheimer/Johnson House, Allen Memorial Art Museum Bulletin, 49, no. 1. Extensive travel in Japan. Started her Website: http://www.oberlin.edu/art/athena/tacha.html
1995-96: Executed two public art commissions for the University of Minnesota, St. Paul (Eco-Rhythms in the Ecology Building and Rhythmics). Published her CD-ROM, The Human Body: An Invisible Ecosystem.
1998: Installation-exhibition Sealed Memories, University of Florida Art Gallery, Gainesville. Publication of book, Cosmic Rhythms: The Public Sculpture of Athena Tacha by Elizabeth McClelland, on the occasion of solo show at the Beck Center for the Arts, Cleveland. Moved to Washington, D.C. (to 3721 Huntington St., NW, house designed by Leopold Boeckl).
1999: Included in exhibition Modern Odysseys: Greek American Artists of the 20th Century, Queens Museum of Art, New York.
2000-01: Executed Victory Plaza (pavement design and fountains), a 40,000 sq. ft. plaza for the American Airlines Center (new sports arena), Dallas, TX (with the collaboration of the SWA Group landscape architects).
2000: Publication of book, Dancing in the Landscape: The Sculpture of Athena Tacha, with over 200 color illustrations of all her outdoor public commissions and 50 finalist's models for competitions. Trips to Israel-Sinai and Central S. India. Included in three-artists show, Citizens of the World (with Memory Temple installation), Eikastiko Kentro Synchronis Technis, Larissa, Greece.
2001: Solo exhibition of new sculpture and drawings at the Foundation for Hellenic Culture, New York. Extensive travel in Turkey.
2002: Extensive travel in Australia. Hiking in slot canyons of Utah/ Arizona.
2003: Residency at the Bogliasco Foundation on the Ligurian coast (Genoa).
2004: Travels to Ireland and Zagorochoria, Epiros. Solo show, Shields and Universes, Marsha Mateyka Gallery, Washington, D.C.
2005: Trips to Sri Lanka, Laos - Vietnam - Cambodia, and New Zealand. Completes two public commissions in greater Washington, D.C. (at Strathmore Music Center and Morgan Blvd. metro station).
2006: Trip to Mali, Senegal and Zambia. Completes 1-mile-long granite commission for the light rail trackbed, Newark, NJ. Solo show, Small Wonders: New Sculptures and Photoworks, Katzen Arts Center, American University, Washington, DC.
2007: Trips to Dominica; Alsace, Kassel Dokumenta and Muenster (for the third time); Sardinia and Corsica. Residency at Bellagio Foundation, Lake Como (April-May), where she executes a temporary installation with feathers. Continues work on large public commissions for the Wisconsin Place development, Friendship Heights, MD; and for the Muhammad Ali Plaza, Louisville, KY (in collaboration with EDAW). Creates many new photoworks.
2008: Trips to Roatan and Morocco. Creates several political PPT pieces (for DVD and the Net). Completes Water Links II for the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Late fall, solo show At Marsha Mateyka Gallery, Washington, DC., Rock and Water: New Photoworks. Also completes and shows at Ellipse Arts Center, Arlington, VA, 36 Years of Aging (1972-2007), with 216 photographs of her face and body.
2009: Travels to Meso-American Maya sites, the Galapagos and central China. Completes the Muhammad Ali Plaza in Louisville, KY, and the complex of Bloomingdale's plaza at Wisconsin Place, Friendship Heights, MD.
2010: Athena Tacha: From Public to Private, a traveling 40-year retrospective with over 100 works and a bilingual catalog, opens at the Center of Contemporary Art (State Museum of Contemporary Art), Thessaloniki, Greece, initiated by its director, Syrago Tsiara, and co-curated by Katerina Koskina, Artistic Director of the Kostopoulos Foundation, Athens (with the installation Athena's Web).
2011: Participates in the first exhibition at the Onassis Cultural Center in Athens, Greece, "Polyglossia", with a site-specific tape installation (Pull), March-June; travels (with her husband) to Syria, Lebanon and Jordan (ending in Akaba for snorkeling), April-May, and the Rhone Valley, France, in September.
2012: Travels to Namibia and Cape Town, S. Africa, in December.
2013: Has her third solo show at the Marsha Mateyka Gallery, Washington, DC, April-May, and is invited to have a mini-retrospective of her landscape sculptures and photo-works, "With/ in Nature", at Grounds for Sculpture, N.J., October thru March 2014.
MUSEUMS THAT OWN WORKS BY ATHENA TACHA:
Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, OH
M.C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
Dayton Art Institute, Dayton, OH
DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park, Lincoln, MA
S.P. Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida, Gainesville
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC
Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
Munson Williams Proctor Institute, Ithaca, NY
Murray State University Art Galleries, Murray, KY
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
Museum of Modern Art, New York
National Collection of Fine Arts, Washington, DC
National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO
Power Gallery of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY
Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, Lawrence
Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
University Art Gallery, University of Maryland, College Park, MD
University Art Museum, University of California, Santa Barbara
University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson
University of Utah Art Gallery, Salt Lake City
Vassar College Art Gallery, Poughkeepsie, NY
F.R. Weisman Art Museum, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
J.V. Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ
(this list does not include Private Collections or AT's commissions of public art)
Small Wonders: New Sculptures and Photoworks, American University, Washington, DC, 2006 (48 pp., 42 ill.)
Dancing in the Landscape: the Sculpture of Athena Tacha, Grayson Publishing (Ariel Press), Washington, DC, 2000 (150 pp., 235 ill.)
Elizabeth McClelland, Cosmic Rhythms: Athena Tacha's Public Sculpture, Ohio Artists Now, Cleveland, 1998 (79 pp., 50 ill.)
Catherine and John Howett, Athena Tacha: Public Works, 1970-1988, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1989 (62 p., ill.)
Forms of Chaos: Drawings by Athena Tacha, 1974-86, Oberlin, OH, 1988
Athena Tacha: Public Sculpture, Oberlin, OH, 1982 (42 pp., 36 ill.)
HIGHLY SELECTED ARTICLES & GENERAL BOOKS:
Regina Flanagan, "Rhythm as Form, Rhythm as Place," Landscape Architecture, March 2007, pp. 72-79
Brenda J. Brown, "Athena Tacha: Natures of Abstraction", Sculpture, Oct. 2006, pp. 32-37
Heather Hammatt, "Simply Stellar," Landscape Architecture, Nov. 2001, pp. 28-30
Glenn Harper, "Athena's Other Selves" (interview), Sculpture, Nov. 2000, pp. 22-29
Anne Barcley Morgan, "Athena Tacha: University Gallery, University of Florida," Sculpture, July-August 1999, pp. 65-66
Shoichiro Higuchi, Public Art: Urban Sculpture of 50 Cities in USA, Japan, 1990, pp. 60-61 & 183
Lucy Lippard, "Athena Tacha's Public Sculpture," Arts Magazine, Oct. 1988, pp. 68-71
Joan Marter, "Athena Tacha's Sculpture: Outdoor Sites Transformed," Sculpture, July 1987, pp.12-15
John Beardsley, Earthworks and Beyond, Abbeville Press, New York, 1984, pp. 112-14
Ellen H. Johnson, American Artists on Art, 1940-80, Harper & Row, New York, 1982, pp. 215-21
Theodore F. Wolff, "Artist Athena Tacha," Christian Science Monitor, April 9, 1981, p. 18
Ellen H. Johnson, "Nature as Source of Athena Tacha's Art," Artforum, Jan. 1981, pp. 58-62
Mark Stevens et al., "Sculpture Out in the Open," Newsweek, Aug. 18, 1980, pp. 70-71
Biographical documents for Athena Tacha can be found at the:
- Archives of American Art, Washington, DC (post 1963)
- Oberlin College Archives, Oberlin, OH (all her O.C. career and teaching documents)
- Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (all her Greek corespondence - to present; youthful diaries, etc.; student research in Greece and France until 1963)